482: Birth of Flavius Petrus Sabbatius, later emperor
Justinian I, at Tauresium in the Dardania region of Illyria
493: Establishment of the Kingdom of Italy by the Ostrogoth
497: approximately: Birth of Theodora, later empress
and wife (525) of Justinian I, in Constantinople or Paphlagonia.
519: Akakian schism. A temporary rift (484-519) between
the churches of Constantinople and Rome, so named after the
524-527:Erection of the church of S. Polyeuktos in Constantinople
by Anicia Juliana, descendant of an aristocratic family.
526-547: Erection of the church of S. Vitale in Ravenna,
in Northern Italy. In the mosaics in the apse, Justinian and
Theodora are represented.
526: August 30rd: Death of the Ostrogoth king Theodoric
the Great. He was buried in his stone mausoleum in Ravenna.
527: April 1st: Justinian I becomes co-emperor, after
the decision of his uncle, emperor Justin I.
527: August 1st: Death of emperor Justin I. Justinian
remains sole emperor and initiates a plan to reclaim the Western
Roman state and so reinstate an ecumenical Christian empire.
527-536: Erection of the church of the Sts Sergios
and Bakchos in Constantinople.
527-565: Procopios of Caesarea - an historian and officer
of Justinian times- gives his major historican work, the "Wars",
and the "Buildings".
527-528: Condemnation of the heresy of Monophysitism
529: Justinian promulgates the legal compilation "Codex
529: The emperor Justinian I closes the Schools of
532: "Eternal" peace with the Persians, signed by Justinian
and Chosroes I.
532, January 13th: The Nika riot
532-537: Hagia Sophia and St. Irene burns down during
the Nika riot in Constantinople. Beginning of the reconstruction
works. Consecration of Hagia Sophia on 537, December 21st.
Justinian himself exclaimed in admiration: "Solomon, I've
533: November 21st: Justinian promulgates the legal
compilations "Institutes" and "Novellae".
533: December 16th: Justinian promulgates the legal
compilation "Digest". 533-534: The Byzantines recapture
534: Moesia and Thrace destroyed by Slav raids.
535-555: Recapture of Italy and partial recapture of
Spain by the Byzantine army.
536: The Franks occupy Provence; Persians plunder Antioch.
536-550: Erection of the church of Holy Apostles in
Constantinople by empress Theodora, which became the cemetery
for her and for many following emperors.
540: Chosroes I breaks the 532 peace treaty by invading
Syria, Armenia, Iberia, and Lazika.
540: approximately: Erection of the Basilica B in Philippi,
in Eastern Macedonia (near the modern city of Kabala).
541: Erection of the monastery of Saint Symeon Stylite
in Telanissos, near Antioch.
547: Consecration of S. Vitale in Ravenna by the archbishop
548 June 28th: Death of the empress Theodora in Constantinople,
possibly from gangrene or cancer. She was buried in the church
of Holy Apostles in Constantinople.
548-565: Justinian builts Saint Catherine's monastery
on Mount Sinai, after his wife Theodora's death.
549: Decoration with mosaics of the church of S. Apollinare
(in Classe) in Ravenna.
553: The Fifth Ecumenical Council in Constantinople,
condemned monophysitism and tried to bring the faithful of
the Eastern provinces closer to orthodoxy.
558: Bulgarians and Slavs move down to the end of the
Trace peninsula (Callipolis).
560-570: Beginning of Slav raids into Byzantine territories.
564: Establishment of the Byzantine fortress at Qasr
ibn Wardan, in the Syrian desert.
565: Bissigoth rule in Spain.
565 November 14th: Death of Justinian I. Justin II
becomes emperor (November 15th). Beginning of the Byzantine-Persian
565-751: The Longobards occupy part of Italy.
582: Beginning of raids from Avars and Slavs.