The last governments of the Popular Party, under Petros Protopapadakis
(9 May-28 August) and Nikolaos Triantafyllakos
(August-September), proved short-lived and
weak in managing events.
By the end of the first week of September the last Greek army unit departed from Asia Minor. In a dramatic climate of uncontrolled violence on the part of Turkish nationalists, the wave of the refugees
heading towards Greece acquired alarming proportions.
At the beginning of autumn 1922, there were three major problems pressing the attention of the Greek administration: the reaction of the army after their return
from Asia Minor; the relief of the refugee problem; and feeding the population. Confusion
and disorientation was common and the intention of a group
of officers to overthrow and purge the political life of the country was soon to