In the field of literature the most important event for further intellectual developments was the publication of the 18 Texts (1970), by eighteen writers -all from the postwar period- against censorship and the prohibitions of dictatorship. Even though is was not a manifesto, many important writers of all political convinctions sided with it (N. Kasdaglis, M. Koumantareas, R. Roufos, M. Anagnostakis, D. Maronitis, S. Plaskovitis etc). This movement, apart from its resistance character, aimed at opening a channel towards an international, inaccessible until then, environment (increase of translations etc.).

At the same time, in literature the introversion (in inspiration and subjects) of post civil-war period gradually declined and was replaced by a more personal, everyday perception of reality. The change of the political situation (1974) led to an increase of the publishing production, after the legitimation of the Left Parties at political and mainly at ideological level. Works of prose were published that shared the indirect way of representation, introducing suggestion as a technique, thus interrupting the prevalent, preceding forms of narration (autobiographical revival and reminiscence of past events).

Perhaps the most important works of postwar prose, Mission Box by A. Alexandrou, and the remarkable Plague by A. Fragkias belong to this category. Next to them, interesting narrative works, such Usurpation of Authority by A. Kotzias and Ancient Rust by M. Douka, approached their subject making use of new terms. At the end of the decade, the Nobel Prize Award to Odysseas Elytis (1979) sealed the long creative process of an outstanding man.

At that period archaeologists brought to light many findings (especially at Vergina by M. Andronikos), which were evaluated as extremely important. This fact increased the interest in preserving and disseminating Hellenic cultural heritage.

Lastly, in the field of fine arts many exhibition areas and galleries were created, thus allowing for increasing interest in "fine arts" to an even wider audience of all social classes.