On April 21, 1967, the parliamentary constitution was abolished
by a group of officers under the leadership of colonel Georgios Papadopoulos. The conspirators took advantage of the
demerit of political institutions, the disorganization in the political field, the given circumstances and the inertia
of the throne. The military junta aimed at consolidating its power and therefore it attempted to eliminate, often
through the use of violence, any form of contestation. To achieve that, since the first day of the coup, organized
plans of persecution were implemented against almost all political personalities, leftists, as well as against
citizens who were known for their liberal and democratic action.
Members of the army and public sector (education, public administration, justice) were removed, in order to achieve
the desired conformity to the ideological medley that the dictators called ‘the regime principles’. The treatment of
those who were considered political opponents of the regime involved imprisonment, banishment to barren islands,
but also tortures that could physically obliterate democratic citizens.
A series of successive ‘governmental’ formations that were created short after the coup, could not conceal the
real structure of authority that G. Papadopoulos and his close collaborators represented. Despite the censorship
and the prohibition to call into question the colonels, various mobilizations took place in the country.
Furthermore, strong protests in western European countries by exiled democratic citizens, gave rise to an
international reaction movement against the junta, which culminated in its expulsion from the Council of Europe (1969).