When Eleftherios Venizelos was informed about the incidents he urgently dispatched Emmanouil Repoulis to Smyrna to take charge of the situation. On the very same
day investigations began and the next day a court-martial sentenced
to death two Greeks.
On 19 May, with the departure of Repoulis and the arrival of Aristeidis Stergiadis,
appointed already by Venizelos as High Commissioner of Smyrna, order was restored
in the city. Incidents and clashes with the Turks
took place in the same period in Aydin and Pergamon. These incidents tarnished Greece's position in
the peace negotiations, especially after the publication of the findings of the Allied Commission of
Enquiry in October, which blamed Greece to a large extent. In November the Supreme Council urged Greece to
be cautious, reminding her that occupation was temporary. The Greek reaction was expressed by a letter
of Venizelos to Clemenceau, mover of the decision, and of Chrysostomos, metropolitan of Smyrna, on behalf
of the Greeks of Asia Minor.
In the ensuing period, until the summer of 1920, Greek troops (always with the consent of the Allies) pushed their area of control
further and further inland, carrying out 'cleansing' operations as they went.
In June 1920 Artake and Panormos were captured. Thus, in October of that year
the Greek zone extended as far as the Brusa-Ushak line, a zone much wider than that
provided by the Treaty of Sevres, which had been signed in the summer. Besides, in May 1920
the Greek army, by an allied decision, had occupied eastern Thrace after the suppression of the
autonomist movement of Jafar Tayar.
Allied unanimity, however, regarding Greece's military occupation of Smyrna, was totally fictitious and temporary. The different competitive pursuits of the Great Powers in an area
of strategic position would soon be highlighted and would lead to their clear opposition that would annul the gratification of
Greek aspirations. The Allies opted for different measures, favourable from now on to the Turkish side.
It should not be forgotten that Soviet diplomacy emerged with the intention of reinforcing Kemal in
his resistance against the western allies. This factor directed the Western Powers
to treat the Kemalist movement more favourably.