The Early Bronze Age in the Helladic region
covers roughly the period
On mainland Greece, three large cultural groups are distinguished
during the Early Bronze Age. These are developed in Thrace and Macedonia, in Thessaly and
in the central and southern mainland. The 3rd millenium in central and southern Greece
which is known as the Early Helladic period
is of particular importance for the Aegean Prehistory.
The Early Helladic period is distinguished in the following chronological-cultural
phases: Early Helladic I (EH I), Early Helladic II (EH II),
the transition phase Lefkandi I-Kastri and
the Early Helladic III (EH III) period.
The traits of this period are:
the increase of population which is proportional to the increase of settlements in coastal
areas or in the inland, the remarkable town planning, the increase of production and
surplus of produce, specialization, the technological development (metallurgy, pottery)
and industrial production, the control of the goods' distribution (use of seals),
the intensification of commercial exchange and the increase of privilege goods.
During the EH II period a particular economic prosperity is observed with direct effect on the social and political organization of the settlements. In Thebes, Manika, Aegina, Tiryns, Lerna and other places, densely populated settlements of an urban character are developed. This trait is apparent in the town planning, the community buildings ("Corridor Houses"), the constructions of public interest (fortifications), the technological specialization, and the particular economic-administrative importance in their greater region (regional hierarchy).
Neo Kadmeio, Thebes.
Early Helladic III bronze tools.
Lerna III. The horseshoe-shaped towers
of the fortificaiton.