Tools made of metal, stone, bone and antlers serve the various activities of the islanders in the Bronze Age. These activities are realized in the settlements (e.g. building, food preparation, beauty care, weaving, pottery, metallurgy, carpentry) as well as in their greater region (e.g. agriculture, hunting, fishing, wood-cutting, ship building). The tools are made either by the users themselves or by skilled craftsmen which supply the community with the indispensable tool equipment. Bone-carving, stone-carving and metalworking workshops are indicated in many settlement of the north Aegean (Poliochni on Thermi) and the Cyclades (Kastri).

The tools made of chipped stone are mainly obsidian and chert blades, which serve as knives fixed on a wooden or horn handle or on a wooden handle one next to the other thus consisting sickles for reaping. Scrappers for the processing of wood and hides, drills and arrowheads for hunting which are mainly made of chert occur less frequently.
Tools made of polished stone are manufactured of schist rocks (e.g. serpentine) and are shaped by hammering, polishing, rubbing, sawing but also with the use of a drill. Such tools are pickaxes, axes, hammers and chisels which are used for digging, in woodwork, architecture and ship building. The eastern-Balkan type single or double axes with a hole for fixing a handle, made of stone and bronze in the north Aegean (Poliochni) during the Early Bronze Age, are not only serviceable objects but objects of "social prestige" as well.

Millstones and rubbers, indispensable for the processing of cereals, legumes and pigments (ochre, azurite, malachite) are made of crystalline volcanic rocks. Finally, jewellery, such as beads and pendants which derive mainly from graves of the south Aegean islands are made of semiprecious stones (e.g. steatite, carnelian).

Among the bone tools, the sharp ones are distinguished for the frequency they occur and for their multiformity. Depending on their form, they serve as awls for the processing of hides, as hooks (sharp at both ends), and as pins for hide processing, weaving, basketry and pottery decoration (incision). The tools with broad and rounded ends are used in the burnishing of ceramic vases and in the cleaning of hides. Antlers are used for making pickaxes, handles of stone and metal tools (knives, drills, awls, chisels) and handles for pickaxes and axes. A special artifact of Early Cycladic bone carving is the bone tube (chromatothikes) with incised decoration which serve as containers of pigments indispensable for body adornment.

Naxos, Spedos cemetery. Obsidian blades. Early Cycladic II.
Poliochni, Green and Red period. Stone axes.
Poliochni, Blue period. Bone spatulas of the Early Bronze Age.