Minoan textiles were made of flax fibres and wool of varying quality, and woven with a variety of techniques, according to use. Finely woven textiles, used to make diaphanous women's bodices as depicted Minoan frescoes in both Crete and Thera (where they were in fact more popular) constituted a luxury category. These garments were made of a very fine yarn or even fine silk fibre.

The numerous loom-weights which found in Minoan settlements reveal the widespread use of the vertical loom while the use of other techniques has also been established. The bands which were sewn on the ends of dresses were woven separately on small weaving frames. They were not only decorative but also the reinforced of the ends of the textile. Loop-woven textiles were also popular on Thera. This technique is thought to have been an influence from mainland Greece since it occurs more often in Mycenaean costume. Another weaving technique, mostly used for headbands, which also occurs on Thera is the net-like technique made with the use of a needle and known as the "sprung" technique.